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protected Areas Institutional Consultant

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(Project ID 00071131: 3668)


Terms of Reference

Protected Areas Institutional Consultant


       I.            BACKGROUND:

Strengthening Protected Area Financing and Management Systems Project aims at the establishment of a sustainable protected area financing system, with associated management structures, systems and capacities needed to ensure the effective use of generated revenues for priority biodiversity conservation needs as well as remove or significantly reduce a wide range of barriers to sustainable financing. The project will provide Nature Conservation Sector (NCS) with a powerful set of arguments for continuing long-term investment, financing and expansion of Egypt’s PA system, mainly through self-generated revenues, thus the successful realization of the following outcomes: 1) Legal, policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks that facilitate revenue generation, revenue retention and other aspects of sustainable PA financing and management are established and functional; 2) Levels of financial resource mobilization are adequate to ensure effective conservation-oriented management of Egypt’s PA system; 3) Business planning and cost-effective management systems are ensuring the effective allocation and management of mobilized resources.

Given the growing demand for access to protected natural areas by tourists in Egypt, it is increasingly important that adequate pricing mechanisms be implemented to ensure that recreational opportunities contribute to biodiversity conservation. It is presumed that the need is even more widely felt than has yet been established. The value of recreation opportunities provided by Egypt's parks is typically under-priced or inefficiently administered.

Many parks either charge low or no fees for visitation, consequently, funds generated by tourism are usually insufficient to cover the costs of biodiversity conservation or even the costs associated with providing visitation opportunities themselves. This challenge can be addressed through the framework of ecosystem services and natural capital.

The major obstacle faced by the Nature Conservation Sector (NCS) of the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), in implementing revenue generating mechanisms such as user fees, concession giving, or gift shop sales, is that it is generally difficult to segregate such revenue for management of the protected area, since all government income is expected to be paid into the consolidated fund and allocated according to national priorities.

On the other hand, non-governmental organizations or private sector enterprises may not have adequate systems for financial accountability, and their authority as management agents and revenue collectors may be questioned by users and management partners and collaborators. However, creative partnerships between governments, private sector enterprises and NGOs may overcome the constraints faced by each.  In these cases, government provides the legislation, policy context, and regular fiscal oversight, while the NGOs and private sector enterprises are responsible for implementation of the revenue generation systems. Concessions, as one of the revenue generation mechanisms in Egypt's park system, are facing the same problems; whereas managerial, legislative, and institutional frameworks are still in need of development.



The objective of this consultancy is to supervise the implementation of all activities related to protected Area`s institutional framework including activities number 4,5,13,14,16,20,21,43,44,45,46 and 80.

The consultant will provide specific technical input and advice to develop an effective PAs institutional framework that can improve the management of PAs network in Egypt towards the implementation of PAs revenue generation systems.


 III.            SCOPE OF WORK

To achieve the above objectives, the project will hire a Protected Area institutional Consultant. The consultant is expected to fulfil the objectives of this mission as given under “II. Objective of Consultancy”, in the following areas:

1.      Training for the Nature Conservation’s employees for the establishment of the Nature Conservation Authority (Legal and Economic trainings).

2.      Take the necessary measures to adopt the procedures of estimating PAs concession values.

3.      Training for PAs financial officers on the estimating PAs concession values.

4.      Prepare the needed decisions for establishing Environmental protection Fund Management committee.

5.      Establish a small committee from the NCS and EPF for holding regular meetings, to take the needed procedures related to PAs revenue retention system.

6.      Training for strategic thinking, leadership, change management concepts.

7.      Establish Job Analysis & description for new Nature conservation Authorities.

8.      Facilitate coordination with Red Sea Governorate, Tourism Sector, and Ministry of Defence to support fees collection system in Wadi El Gemal PA.

9.      Take necessary procedures for collecting fees of specific activities at the Targeted PAs.

10.  Apply new fees in tourist attraction sites at the target PAs.

11.  Take necessary procedures to amend the entrance fees in the target PAs.




 IV.            METHODOLOGY:

The consultant is expected to work closely with the project management team, NCS, EEAA, the local community, and other stakeholders to implement the duties assigned within the period of the contract. The Consultant will carry out the assignment through the following:


A. Desk work:

1.         Review project AWP for 2016, the current legal and institutional framework, national laws and regulations, protected areas management plans as well as all other relevant studies.

2.         Review technical reports related to the project implementation in 2015 including, “Project Midterm Review”, ‘Current Status of fees collection within Egypt’s Protected Areas” and the ‘Protected Areas retention system’, and “legal and institution framework of the Nature Conservation Authority.


B. Stakeholders Meetings:

1.      Conduct participatory meetings and interviews with legal and financial officials, park managers, park rangers, stakeholders, investors, and policy makers, EPF, Ministry of defence, Tourism, Tourism Companies as well as other EEAA and NCS members as needed to complete the mission.


    V.            DELIVERABLES

The Consultant shall deliver the following:


1. Submit a mission report and work plan

2. Progress Report on capacity building program for NCS staff on the Nature Conservation Authority (Legal and Economic trainings).

3. Progress report on PAs revenue retention within EPF.

4. Progress report on Stakeholders coordination and new fees collections at targeted

5. Final report of all mission



  • Advanced Degree in Protected Areas Management, Economics, Finance, Business Development or a related field
  • Minimum of 15 years experience in institutional and financial capacity building
  • Extensive experience in protected areas financing and concession management
  • Managerial experience and leadership skills
  • Previous experience with community development projects and participatory approaches
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Excellent report writing skills
  • Fluency in Arabic and English languages



Management arrangements

The consultant shall maintain continuous communication with the Project Management Team (PMT) & UNDP in order to ensure the proper arrangement of mission agendas, interviewee lists and logistical support, the consultant will carry on his/her mission in full collaboration with the project manager whom will help the consultant throughout all the mission phases starting from the planning phase, supporting the consultant to achieve better understanding of the current status in PAs from all different socioeconomic, demographic & environmental perspectives... etc. The principal responsibility for arranging this mission lies within the FSPA project in full coordination with PMT for the duration of the consultancy.

Time frame

The time frame of the contract of this consultancy will be four (4) months, which will involve the field mission, and the formulation and submission of all the mission deliverables to the management after which it will be available for commentary and a final approval by the project management.

Work Plan and Milestones























Desk work

















Submission of mission report and work plan

















Preparation and Submission of 1st deliverable

















Preparation and Submission of 2nd and 3rd deliverables

















Preparation and Submission of 4th and 5th deliverables


















Resources and Logistical Support

The project is responsible for the provision of office accommodation for the required interviews and meetings during the consultancy period. During the field trip, the project shall be responsible for transportation and accommodation arrangements.



All materials produced in the scope of this assignment (including images, photos, text, etc.) are copyright of the project/EEAA. No part may be reproduced, copied, transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical or graphic) without the prior written permission of the project/EEAA.



Please submit CV and financial offer with a covering letter expressing interest to: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  no later than 6 February 2016.