Egypt CHM


Clearing House Mechanism
 Biodiversity Convention
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil in June 1992, and entered into force in December 1993. As the first treaty to provide a legal framework for biodiversity conservation, the Convention established three main goals: 

  • the conservation of biological diversity,
  • he sustainable use of its components,
  • and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.

Contracting Parties are required to create and enforce national strategies and action plans to conserve, protect and enhance biological diversity. They are also required to undertake action to implement the thematic work programmes on ecosystems and a range of cross-cutting issues which have been established to take forward the provisions of the Convention. As of December 2002 there were 187 Contracting Parties to the Convention.

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